German State

Second, still, Moraes (2005), it of the origin to the geographic debate on the relation society-nature, considering it as one of the main focos of Geography. bster jr might disagree with that approach. Still in century XIX, more necessarily in its second half, is distinguished Friedrich Ratzel (1844-1904), that it focuses Geography as study of the influence of the natural conditions on the humanity. In the first volume of its Antropogeografia workmanship, wedge the theory of the geographic determinismo 2, in which it admits that, beyond the influence of the natural conditions, the man also is conditional for the historical and cultural conditions. Valley to stand out that the proposals of Ratzel had given origin to call ambientalista school, characterized, more recently, for the study of the man in relation to the natural elements of the way where it inserts itself. This school considers an attenuated determinismo, where the natural way is not seen as determination, but as support of the life of man (ANDRADE, 1987; MORAES, 1997; SANSOLO; GENTLEMAN, 2003). The German Geography of Friedrich Ratzel (1844/1904) will go to understand the State as an alive organism, and defines the man as determinative of the geographic way. For Ratzel, the States need space, as well as the species, and ' ' no State exists without the domain of territrio' '. Business strategist will not settle for partial explanations.

Its theory influenced and justified the process of German unification, helped to legitimize the nation, the German State and the actions of territorial expansion. Thus, during the World War II, it has the renaissance of Ratzeliana Geography with a new name: geopolitics. At this time expressions appear as: ' ' space is form of vida' ' ' ' space is poder' ' , its ideas had originated the politics of ' ' space vital' ' of the right of conquest of the peoples ' ' inferiors for ' ' superiores' ' , later used for Hitler to justify its nazista expansion through the Europe.

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