Chita applies to those settlements that were born in the 17 th century thanks to the tireless interest in the Cossack explorers discover unknown lands. This town, founded in the depths of Siberia, was to give impetus to convergence of the local population with the Russian people, the emergence of politicheschkih and trade relations with East and Central Asia. About the origin of the name of the village of Chita There is a lot of opinions, but some of them closer to truth, so far not understood. The meaning of the name of Chita is considered as it emerged from the speech of the Far East, which meant the word 'water'. Unequivocally clear that the word of the local population called Chita River, it also has been borrowed and Russian explorers to name the settlements in these areas.
Rocks the whole of Russia December uprising in 1825 gave the little-known friend in those days the village, both in the the country and far beyond. In the autumn of 1826 in Chita, settled first state criminals – the Decembrists. The village has become the Chita jail, home to the exiles and their wives, the protection of the Decembrists consisted of Siberian Cossacks and soldiers, numbering 200 persons. In addition to the Decembrists and protection while in Chita population of approximately 350 people. In the status of the regional center of Transbaikalia Chita came into existence July 11, 1851, through to the efforts of the governor-general of Eastern Siberia nn Muraviev-Amur, which assessed the favorable central position of the city to the land emerged area. At this event affected the Decembrist di Zavalishin, who lived in Chita in exile, which, incidentally, was the first designer street growth center.
Zavalishin gave young Chita one appearance, preserved to this day. Current Chita gets a large administrative center Chita region, consisting of four districts, the city merchant, industrial and cultural center, opened its borders to foreign visitors, transport and communication section of the Trans-Baikal region. Number According to the latest population census of more than 317,000 residents, which allows us to assign the city to the status of large settlements. The versatility of Chita was made possible by economic and geographical position that provides the most optimal transport connection regions of Russia and Europe with Asia. Central partners in the industrial and cultural life of the city, China and Mongolia. Special The city occupies the position of tourism in shaping the Trans-Baikal region. Chita is a decent city for working and living representatives of many nations, which gives it a truly international character.